Protecting the soil by planting cover crops increases organic matter in the soil and enables better water management. When the soil is healthy, more carbon can be drawn down from the atmosphere.
Deep tilling disturbs soil structure and microbial growth. Over time, this can completely destroy soil quality, which results in fewer amounts of carbon being drawn down from the atmosphere.
Increasing the population, diversity and protection of microbiomes in the soil can also be achieved by developing smart compost systems, resulting in better soil health and carbon drawdown from the atmosphere.
By planting perennials, otherwise known as plants that won't be harvested annually, the roots will have a chance to establish themselves, microbial activity in the soil will increase, and this will result in better carbon drawdown.
Eliminating or reducing the use of pesticides can be done by integrating other forms of pest management systems, enabling better soil health.